Types of Employment

Games, Animation and Visual Effects Industry (GAVI)

Types of employment:

In each industry, there are several types of employments you can undergo. I will be discussing some for the GAVI and detail their trends, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

What is SWOT?

A ‘SWOT’ Analysis is a technique used to determine something’s strengths and weaknesses, and to identify opportunities and threats that can come from them without having to use much thought.

We typically organise a SWOT analysis like so:

S (Strengths) – Outline the advantages

W (Weaknesses) – Outline the disadvantages

O (Opportunities) – Determine opportunities based on current trends, like changes in technology or social patterns

T (Threats) – Determine threats based on what obstacles you will face and what the competition is doing.


Being self-employed is either working freelance or being the owner of your own company. If you own your company, you are your own boss and take responsibility for the company’s failures, even if it is not of your doing, same goes for successes. Self-employed people can hire contractors to fulfill a certain job. They can also take contracts from other companies, while being able to negotiate their terms, like the hours, location and salary, and also who you get to work with.

Figure 1: Self-employment

You have the chance to work on what you want to work on, so long as you can deal with the pressure that comes with the responsibility of owning your company.

(Those who are self-employed are contracted in for services, this means when someone or a business is in need of a service, they can hire someone who is self-employed to get the job done. Unlike a contract of services, the terms of the contract is negotiable, such as the pay rate or work hours.)


Being a freelancer is taking jobs (one or multiple) from external employers for a service that is needed by the company at that time. You can work either from home or at a space the employers allow you access to. The employer will be in charge of your hours, transport, food and safety, and not allow paid days off / holidays as you are on a deadline.

Figure 2: Working freelance

A strength of working freelance is that you can take jobs that you would want to fulfill and to be able to keep a work-life balance.

(Freelancers get hired through a contract of service, which is when a company requires a specific job to be completed. Unlike a contract for services, the hours and pay rate is non-negotiable.)

Fixed Term Contract:

Fixed term contracts are a type of contract that gets terminated on a specific date or when the job is finished. The longest amount of time the contract can last is 4 years, after this the employers must employ you on a full time contract, regulations have been put in place to avoid people abusing the system.

With fixed term contracts, you are guaranteed pay for your services, however after 4 years you will either be required to become a full-time employee or to work elsewhere. This is good for someone new to the industry, as it gives them an idea of what to expect and helps them gain contacts.


Full Time Contract:

A full time contract is a contract where you have to work a minimum number of hours which are worked out by your employer. You are guaranteed pay on a weekly / monthly basis with opportunities to build your way up to a higher position, however being demoted or fired in the process is possible.

Working under a full time contract also means that you get paid holidays and sick days, including maternal/paternal leave and of course pension plans.


Social Media: Websites such as Tumblr, Facebook, WordPress, and Twitter are good for building digital presences online.

Figure 3: Various Social Media sites

Crowdfunding: Websites such as Patreon, Kickstarter and IndieGOGO are making it easier for creators to produce content by having the public openly fund them.

Figure 4: An image depicting the idea of ‘Crowdfunding’



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